In the heart of eastern Nepal, Makalu Barun National Park and Conservation area is home to Mount Makalu.
Makalu lies at an altitude of 8485m (27,838 ft) being the fifth highest peak in the world.
It is located at Mahalangur Himalayan Range, adjacent to the gigantic massif- Mount Everest on the southeast, the border between Nepal and China.
Mount Makalu one of the eight-thousanders forming an enclosed four-sided pyramid.
Eight-thousanders comprise 14 independent peaks in the entire world ranging above (8000m) above from sea level.
The peak is famous for its steep edges and sharp ridges. It is ideal for avid trekkers who crave for some thrilling adventures.
The word Makalu is derived from Sanskrit dialect referring to “Big Black” other name for Hindu God- Shiva.
The first ever attempt to climb the Summit was by an American team in 1955, succeeding at north face and northeast ridge. This is also the standard route even today.
The remote area consists of a limited number of houses, receiving nominal trekkers. It is also considered off beaten because of the adverse climate causing uncertain mountain sickness.
However, trekkers who manage to visit the region undoubtedly leave with unforgettable memories.
The dwellers mostly belong to the Sherpa, Kirat, and Shingsawa (Bhotia)castes. They have well preserved their culture and heritage without little or no effects of modernization.
They are the curator of Makalu- Barun unique and biological treasures. Makalu- Barun National Park is a 580-square-mile parkland that protects diverse ecosystems ranging from tropical rainforests to alpine tundra above 13,000 feet.
The trail follows in Makalu Barun National Park crossing Shipton Pass at 4,127 meters before arriving at Makalu Base Camp (5,000m).
From here, south face of Makalu and Everest as well as Lhotse is to die for.
Botanists have identified 3,128 species of flowers including 25 species of eye-catching rhododendron.
It is a sanctuary for unique 440 bird and 88 mammal species, including a red panda, snow leopard, and the rare Asian golden cat.
Not limited to this, Barun valley is equally blessed with natural resources; high waterfalls gush into deep gorges, rugged rocks, lush green forests.
All these flora and fauna remain in the pristine ecosystem, untouched and undisturbed by humans.
Makalu comprises of two subsidiary peaks- Kangchungtse (Makalu II 7,678 m) northwest of the summit whereas on the northeast stretches the Chomo Lonzo (7,804 m).
The 22-day long trekking will be worth your time and money; it might even surpass your expectation of mountaineering experience in Nepal.
Considered to be an unfrequented and a challenging trekking route, Mt. Makalu trekking will be a sheer test of your endurance.